At the dawn of the 18th century, European countries and dominions fought the War of Spanish Succession because they feared France and Spain might unite under Philippe IV to form one country much too powerful. The war was also fought on three fronts in North America: Spanish Florida and the English colony of Carolina, the Atlantic Provinces of present day Canada AND in the land now called New York, New England and Québec. Indigenous peoples often fought the battles serving as proxies for the European powers. When it was finished, all parties except the indigenous peoples signed a treaty together often called 'The Treaty of Utrecht".
Historians of the North America colonial period usually discuss the impact of the terms of the treaty in regards to Acadia, Newfoundland, Hudson Bay and the Caribbean. Probably because the treaty is quite specific about the terms impacting these commercially rich areas. Here's a quote from a Wikipedia:
"In 1712, Britain and France declared an armistice, and a final peace agreement was signed the following year. Under terms of the 1713Treaty of Utrecht, Britain gained Acadia (which they renamed Nova Scotia), sovereignty over Newfoundland, the Hudson Bay region, and the Caribbean island of St. Kitts. France recognized British suzerainty over the Iroquois, and agreed that commerce with Native Americans further inland would be open to all nations. It retained all of the islands in the Gulf of Saint Lawrence, including Cape Breton Island, and retained fishing rights in the area, including rights to dry fish on the northern shore of Newfoundland."Accessed form Wikipedia on September 9th, 2012 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Queen_Anne%27s_War#cite_ref-Prowse223_27-0
Of course, to the indigenous people, the total concept of a treaty written and signed in Holland to parcel up their lands and give certain entitlements to other powers must have been a gruel joke.
New York State history books usually state that the Treaty of Utrecht established a border south of which the French were not to settle and this borderline was known to be "Split Rock" on the western shores of Lake Champlain. I cannot find that particular wording in the treaty. I wonder if the French couldn't find it either. It seems that the French had a vastly different interpretation of the terms because they later settled 25 miles south of Split Rock at Fort St Frederic (present day Crown Point, NY) - 25 miles south. Then they built Fort Carillon (present day Ticonderoga) 16 miles south of St Frederic!!!
Until I can find the original source where Split Rock was designated the mark, I will continue to go with the New York State history books. If anyone reading this can point me to the primary source and lines in the Treaty of Utrecht, I would be immensely grateful! Thank you.